According to some studies, there is a close relationship between the amount of fat intake and the incidence of coronary heart disease. Saturated fat is a type of fat that can increase the incidence of coronary heart disease. In general, saturated fats found in foods such as meat, milk, cheese, cream, coconut oil, palm oil, vegetable oil, and chocolate. Consumption of saturated fat shown to increase blood cholesterol levels.
Fat that can reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease is the unsaturated fat. Unsaturated fats are divided into monounsaturated fat (oleic acid) and polyunsaturated fats. Monounsaturated fats are found in olive oil, peanuts, rice bran, soybean, and avocado. Polyunsaturated fats from plants found in sunflower oil, grains, legumes, certain fruits, and soybean oil. Meanwhile, polyunsaturated fats of animal origin contained in fish oil.
Foods such as butter and cheese contain trans fatty acids. Trans fatty acids also adversely affect blood cholesterol levels, as well as saturated fats. Cholesterol is actually needed by the body to make bile acids. Bile acids are useful for the absorption of dietary fat and steroid hormones that determine the nature of the male sex and female. Blood cholesterol levels are high resulting in coronary heart disease.
Alert to the effects of trans fats
Trans fats should be avoided because, according to the report made the Harvard School of public health and Wageningen University, this could prevent between 6 to 19 percent of heart attacks and deaths associated with trans fats each year. Trans fats are fats that cause taste delicious fries in fast food restaurants are favored by many people.
Most trans fats are artificially synthesized through a chemical process that adds hydrogen to vegetable oil. The process of changing the liquid oils into solid fats. The result is a cheap product with a longer storage period and its worse than saturated fats. As well as saturated fats, trans fats raise bad cholesterol levels and eventually cause heart blockage. Therefore, the United States proclaimed war against trans fat products. This is then used by food manufacturers to list trans fat zero label. However, do not easily believe that label.
Under the rules of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), trans fat does not have to be written in the packaging if the total fat in the diet is less than half a gram per serving. To completely free of trans fats, do not purchase food products that include the words "partially hydrogenated" and "shortening".
The main source of trans fat are margarine, fast food, convenience foods, including potato and fried. Assorted snack chips, such as potato chips, cheese sticks or balls in the children's favorite packaging also contain trans fats. These foods are rich in trans fats trans fat because it serves as the glue that unites food and accounted for savory and delicious taste. Other foods such as muffins, and pancakes also keep trans fats. Donat is also a source of food into trans fats. In addition, cakes and pies are also likely to contribute to the trans fat in the human body. This kind of food is not only rich in sugar, but also contain trans fats.
Trans fat in french fries
Solutions fat consumption
Apart from the weakness of fat as a health nuisance due to the cholesterol content, the selection of the amount and type of fat requires careful consideration. In developed countries, it is recommended fat intake less than 35% of total calorie intake. Meanwhile, in developing countries, fat intake is much less than these recommendations.
Fat is basically good for consumption because it has the function of generating energy (9 kcal / g), gave the savory taste, helps transport vitamins A, D, E, and K, and essential fatty acids. However, in the elderly, the selection of the type of fat to be more prudent. Unsaturated fats, especially omega-3 and omega-9 require attention.
Selection of the type of fat consumed is important to note that the consumption of fatty foods can be a positive benefit to the body. In general, that foods contain nutrients needed by the body is to consider the adequacy, balance, and diversity of each individual substance. This is so that the effects of fat for health to be good in the long run. Read also previous article about the relationship of dietary fats and health for get information completely. Thanks for reading this blog. 🙂 .
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