What is fatty food or diatery fat? - Here's the explanation. Happy reading. Basically, foods containing fat. Dietary fat is present in all foods and beverages. All the fat contained in food that is good because the fat is needed to sustain human life. However, fat began to be considered hazardous to health after a study that shows the relationship between mortality from coronary heart disease with the increase of fat and fat levels in the blood. To find out more about dietary fats, it will be discussed matters associated with it.
Structure and type of dietary fat
The chemical structure of the fat in food is generally in the form of triglycerides, which is a combination of one molecule of glycerol with three fatty acid molecules. Differences in fatty acid which distinguishes the type and nature of the fat. Fat in the diet consists of several types. Based on the chemical structure there is a saturated fat, monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, and trans fat. Based on its function in the body, fat is divided into structural fat which form the walls of the cell, fat as energy reserves, steroid hormones, and essential fatty acids that can not be made by the human body.
Forms of dietary fat
In general, there are two forms of dietary fat, which is solid fats of animal origin, and liquid fats (oils) are derived from plants. However, vegetable oil can be processed into animal fats through hydrogenation process and can produce trans fat, which is a type of fat that is harmful to human health. In the diet, the fat can be directly seen, or not directly visible. Directly visible fat found in pork, beef, mutton, chicken, and vegetable oil. Meanwhile, the fat that is not seen directly for instance be found in a biscuit.
Fatty acids are a series of carbon atoms with a double bond or double, with carbon clusters at the ends. The more double bonds, the more liquid the fat at room temperature. Fatty acids with two or more double bonds can not be made in the human body, therefore, called essential fatty acids. The more double bonds in the fatty acid, the more the fat unsaturated. Omega-3 fatty acids are fatty acids with 3 double bonds beginning on the C atom number 5.
There are at least three kinds of fat in the diet, ie saturated fats, unsaturated fats plural chains, and single-chain unsaturated fats. All three have their respective functions for our body. However, if one of them appears excessive in our body, then it will cause harm to the health of our bodies. The following will describe the three types of fat.
1. Saturated fat
Saturated fats contain a lot of cholesterol. Saturated fat can accumulate in the walls of blood vessels. If accumulate on the walls of blood vessels, then it will lead to narrowing and blockage of blood vessels. Blockage of fat in the blood vessels is what can cause various diseases, particularly heart disease.
2. Unsaturated fats plural chain (polyunsaturated fat)
This type of fat is different from saturated fat. If the content of the body is not excessive, polyunsaturated fat is very good for health. This is because fat can lower cholesterol. Therefore, the balance of the consumption of fatty foods is very noteworthy.
3. Monounsaturated fats
Not much different from polyunsaturated fat. Under certain conditions, this fat can lower cholesterol function. Consumption of foods in a balanced amount will be beneficial for our health.
Fat in the diet actually plays dissolving vitamins A, D, E, and K, and provide essential fatty acids for the human body. In addition, most importantly, the fat in the food supply of energy by 9 calories per gram. Excessive consumption of fatty foods should be avoided to be aware of the declining quality of human health.
Thus the article to answer the question, What is fatty food?. Hope this answer fully and clearly. In the next article, have also been discussed regarding Diseases caused by excessive fat deposits. Love being able to share information with you. Thank for reading or my site, www.topxsharing.com. 🙂 .
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